Waypoints, Planner, Routes and Navigation

Waypoints

In paragliding waypoints mark geographical locations that denote either turnpoints relevant for flying cross country or can be used for orientation in general. Waypoints are defined by:

  • a latitude and longitude such as 45.9032 and 11.0731,

  • a radius such as 500m making for horizontal bounds,

  • a minimum altitude like 1200m making for a vertical bound,

  • a short and distinct name

and ideally a short description helpful in identifying and using the waypoint itself. With that definition, on a 2d map like Google Maps a waypoint is represented by a circle with radius and center defined by latitude and longitude. Adding the vertical dimension like in Google Earth this circle becomes a cylinder in 3d .

waypoints during flight

The XC Vario enables you to fly cross country (xc) using single waypoints or routes based on two or more waypoints. It comes with an integrated waypoint editor also known as waypoint planner that you can use you to quickly create and edit waypoints. Once you have 2 or more waypoints you can easily connect them to a route. Importing and sharing waypoints is supported using .cup files. More information on the .cup format can be found in cup file format description.

Waypoint Editor / Planner

Creating a Waypoint

To create a waypoint, simply make a click on the map at the location where you want the waypoint to be. A marker will appear. Click on the marker to see the info window. Click on the info window to see all the information of the waypoint and to edit the waypoint. The following information can be set:

  • a name

  • a latitude and longitude in decimal format

  • a radius in meter

  • an altitude in meter

and notes / additional information to attach to the waypoint.

Note: If you have Airspaces loaded make a long click to create a new waypoint.

Editing a Waypoint

To edit a waypoint, select the waypoint first, then click on the info window and change the information in the upcoming dialog window.

  • Click Save to store the waypoint in the internal database.

  • Click Delete to remove the waypoint from the database.

  • Click Cancel to leave the waypoint unedited

Hint: A waypoint can be easily moved to another location by long clicking it and simply dragging it to another location on the map.

Importing Waypoints

Waypoints can be imported from .cup files. Open the Navigation menu and press the + .CUP button, choose the waypoint symbol and select a .cup waypoint file in the following dialog and the import will start.

Upon importing:

  • the waypoints appear on the map

  • the related tasks / routes appear in the list below the map

    • Click on an item in the list to see the route.

    • Long Click on an item to edit edit or delete the route.

Hint: If you are importing waypoints from a location like google drive, please make sure that you have a stable connection.

using the waypoint editor

Routes / Related Tasks

Unless you are flying a simple one way and return task, a single waypoint might not be it. A route is a list of two or more ordered waypoints that can be used to come up with more complex tasks.

Creating a Route

To create a new route, click the +.CUP button, select the line symbol and simply connect existing waypoints on the map.

For connecting existing waypoints select a waypoint by clicking it and the info window will appear. Click the waypoint another time to add it to a route. The route will be added to the end of the list.

Click on another waypoint to select and the info window will appear. Click the same waypoint another time and it will be added to the route. Do this with as many waypoints you like.

Creating a route also works with no existing waypoints. Simply make a long click on the map and a waypoint will appear. Make another long click on the map and another waypoint will be created and added to the route. Proceed this way until your route is finished.

Hint: Add airspaces and ground level information first to see them on the map before creating a route. See Airspaces and Terrain for more details.

Hint: Make sure to activate the desired route to fly.

Editing a route

To edit an existing route click on the desired route in the list. The map will move to the first point of the route.

For adding one or more waypoints simply click on an existing waypoint and the info window of the waypoint will appear. Click another time on the waypoint and the waypoint will be added to the last waypoint of the route.

To delete a waypoint from the route, click on the waypoint once and wait for it to be centered. Click on the waypoint

If you want to delete or edit a waypoint click on the waypoint to have the info window appear. Click on the info window and update the information or hit delete to remove the waypoint.

To change the latitude and longitude of the waypoint you can also drag the waypoint to another location by long clicking and dragging it to another place on the map.

creating a route from waypoints

Navigating Waypoints

Selecting A Route For Navigation

Go to the Navigation menu and activate / deactivate a route from the list.

Return to the main screen. Upon starting the flight the route will be loaded and visualized on the flight map.

Navigation During Flight

A dashed line will be drawn and updated continuously from your location to the location of the next Waypoint. On top of that, waypoints are color coded:

If you have

  • not entered or exited a waypoint, its color is red

  • Entering a Waypoint the color changes to yellow

  • Exiting a waypoint after entering the waypoint the color turns to grey.

If a waypoint has been entered and exited it is regarded as DONE. The dashed line will now point to the next waypoint of the route.

Selecting Waypoints During Flight

It is not strictly necessary to enter and exit a waypoint to advance to the next waypoint of your route. You can set the next waypoint manually using waypoint navigation via the proximity sensor of your phone or using the waypoint buttons on the map. This behavior can be set in the Settings --> Waypoints

Proximity Sensor: the proximity sensor is the sensor that turns off the display when making a phone call. This sensor can be used to toggle waypoints. The sensor is located in the notification bar of your phone. Cover the sensor and after roughly one second you will see a yellow dot followed shortly after by a green dot.

  • Releasing shortly after the green dot the current waypoint will be discarded and the next waypoint will be set active. You are toggling forward through the route!

  • Not releasing after the green dot but holding instead will toggle waypoints backward through the list. You are toggling backward through the route!

Distances

During flight distances are calculated permanently and independently of your route. So you always now the current

  • distance to start

  • one way distance

  • free 3TP distance

  • triangle distance