Waypoints are used to navigate especially when paragliding cross country. Depending on what waypoints are used for, the term Waypoint (WP) can be interchangeably used with Turnpoint (TP), Marker or Point Of Interest (POI).
The XC Vario comes with an integrated waypoint planner that can be used to create and edit waypoints. These waypoints then can be easily connected to a route which assists when flying cross country (XC). Waypoints and Routes can be also imported and shared using .cup the cup file format.
waypoints during flight
What Is A Waypoint
and ideally a short description helpful in identifying and using the waypoint itself. With that definition, on a map like Google Maps, a waypoint is represented by a circle with radius and center defined by latitude and longitude. Adding the vertical dimension to a waypoint, it is comparable to a private airspace of interest.
Types of Waypoints
Creating a Waypoint
To create a waypoint, simply make a click on the map at the location where you want the waypoint to be. A marker will appear. Click on the marker to see the info window. Click on the info window to see all the information of the waypoint and to edit the waypoint. The following information can be set:
a latitude and longitude in decimal format
a radius in meter
an altitude in meter
and notes / additional information to attach to the waypoint.
Note: If you have Airspaces loaded make a long click to create a new waypoint.
Editing a Waypoint
To edit a waypoint, select the waypoint first, then click on the info window and change the information in the upcoming dialog window.
Click Save to store the waypoint in the internal database.
Click Delete to remove the waypoint from the database.
Click Cancel to leave the waypoint unedited
Hint: A waypoint can be easily moved to another location by long clicking it and simply dragging it to another location on the map.
Waypoints can be imported from .cup files. Open the Navigation menu and press the + .CUP button, choose the waypoint symbol and select a .cup waypoint file in the following dialog and the import will start.
the waypoints appear on the map
the related tasks / routes appear in the list below the map
Click on an item in the list to see the route.
Long Click on an item to edit edit or delete the route.
Hint: If you are importing waypoints from a location like google drive, please make sure that you have a stable connection.
using the waypoint editor
Unless you are flying a simple one way and return task, a single waypoint might not be it. A route is a list of two or more ordered waypoints that can be used to come up with more complex tasks.
Creating a Route
To create a new route, click the +.CUP button, select the line symbol and simply connect existing waypoints on the map.
For connecting existing waypoints select a waypoint by clicking it and the info window will appear. Click the waypoint another time to add it to a route. The route will be added to the end of the list.
Click on another waypoint to select and the info window will appear. Click the same waypoint another time and it will be added to the route. Do this with as many waypoints you like.
Creating a route also works with no existing waypoints. Simply make a long click on the map and a waypoint will appear. Make another long click on the map and another waypoint will be created and added to the route. Proceed this way until your route is finished.
Hint: Make sure to activate the desired route to fly.
Editing a route
To Edit an existing route click on the desired route in the list. The map will move to the first point of the route.
For Adding one or more waypoints simply click on an existing waypoint and the info window of the waypoint will appear. Click another time on the waypoint and the waypoint will be added to the last waypoint of the route.
To Delete a waypoint from the route, click on the waypoint once and wait for it to be centered. Click on the waypoint
If you want to delete or edit a waypoint click on the waypoint to have the info window appear. Click on the info window and update the information or hit delete to remove the waypoint.
To Change the latitude and longitude of the waypoint you can also drag the waypoint to another location by long clicking and dragging it to another place on the map.
creating a route from waypoints
Selecting A Route For Navigation
Go to the Navigation menu and activate / deactivate a route from the list with the switch button to the left. The active routes with waypoints will be shown on the map with a dotted line towards the next waypoint. Colors are used to indicate the status of a waypoint.
A red circle means - this waypoint has not been entered and not been exited. yet
A yellow circle means - this waypoint has been entered but not exited yet.
A green circle means - this waypoint has been entered and exited.
If a waypoint has been entered and exited it is regarded as DONE. The dashed line will now point to the next waypoint of the route.
It is not strictly necessary to enter and exit a waypoint to advance to the next waypoint of your route. You can set the next waypoint manually using waypoint navigation via:
a bluetooth remote (recommended)
the proximity sensor of your phone
using the waypoint buttons on the screen
The behavior can be set in the Settings -> Waypoints.
Using A Bluetooth Remote
Switching waypoints with a bluetooth remote is the recommended way to navigate waypoints during flight. For this to work, make sure that you have the bluetooth remote paired with your phone. Pairing needs to be done within the systems settings of your phone just as you would pair e. g. headphones. Once paired, keys are interpreted by the XC Vario App. For this have the bluetooth remote setting enabled in Menu -> Waypoints.
Pressing Next/Prev buttons will toggle through available fields on the screen. Press Play/Pause to lock on to or unlock a field:
Altitude field - Next/Prev will toggle through available altitudes like QNH, QFE, etc.
Waypoint field - Next/Prev will select next or previous waypoint from your route
Compass field - Next/Prev will set map to fixed north, Plus/Minus will zoom in/out of the map
Orientation field - Next/Prev will toggle landscape/portrait mode
A bluetooth remote is an affordable solution to conveniently toggle through waypoints.
Using The Proximity Sensor
The proximity sensor is the sensor that turns off the display when making a phone call. This sensor can also be used to toggle waypoints. The sensor is located in the notification bar of your phone. Cover the sensor and after roughly one second you will see a yellow dot followed shortly after by a green dot.
Releasing shortly after the green dot the current waypoint will be discarded and the next waypoint will be set active. You are toggling forward through the route!
Not releasing after the green dot but holding instead will toggle waypoints backward through the list. You are toggling backward through the route!
If for some reason a bluetooth remote is not an option, using the proximity sensor is a way to navigate with gloves during flight.
Using Screen Buttons
The last and least preferred option to select waypoints in flight is to use the screen buttons that appear when touching the map during flight. Press Next WP or Prev WP to select the next or previous waypoint from the route.
Calculation Of Distances
The XC Vario is not intended for professional pilots taking part in competitions but rather for frequent flyers, occasional and recreational pilots. Nevertheless, it can be interesting to know what distance the route flown would have had. That is why during flight, distances are calculated continuously and independently of your route.
distance to start - current location to start
one way distance - longest distance between two points of your flight track
free 3TP distance - longest distance by setting three turnpoints between takeoff and landing
triangle distance - longest distance for three turnpoints forming an open or closed triangle
Navigating With A Bluetooth Remote
toggle through vario fields and values
Using The Integrated Waypoint Planner
create or import waypoints and routes